A gemstone is also known as a gem, precious stone, semi-precious stones or jewel. It is a piece of crystal mineral used in cut and polished form, to make adornments or beautiful jewelry. Some stones such as lapis lazuli, or some organic materials which are not minerals like amber or jet, also used for making extraordinary jewelry, and usually named as gemstones. Most gemstones are hard, but in jewelry, soft minerals are helpful, as their luster or other physical properties have much importance in the development of jewelry. In the article below we are going to discuss top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world.
As gemstones are present in less amount on earth due to which, they become more precious. In addition to jewelry, gemstone were also used to create the beauty of Cups, shoes or Crown of a king or queen. A gem maker may call lapidary or Gemcutter while a call diamantaire to a diamond worker.
Top 10 Most Valuable Gemstones
Following are top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world.
- Red Diamond
- Red Beryl
Top 10 Most Valuable Gemstones in The World
Usually, diamond is taken as a precious stone, but red diamond is the most valuable gemstone in the world. As Red Diamond is rare in the world, due to which it is very expensive. Red Diamond has a breathtaking and charming look. Normally it is useful for making worthy jewelry and sometimes in making wrist watches. Its price is about $400,000 and has first position among top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world.
Count Edward Charles Richard Taaffe discovered a mineral which later named as Taaffeite. Taaffeite is also too much expensive and is about $35,000 per carat. Taaffeite has many colors like pink violet, mauve, reddish green, violet red, and few others. This stone looks as spinels, so it ‘s hard to find the difference between them. They are mostly present in the rocks of Siri Lanka, and the price of Taaffe is about $10,000.
This stone named Grandidierite after his finder Alfred Grandidier. It is a mineral which belongs to orthorhombic crystal system. Its color is blue+green and greenish blue. The empirical formula of Grandidierite is Mg0.75Fe2+0.25Al3(BO4)(SiO4)O. Grandidierite is found mostly in aplites and pegmatites of metaphoric rocks and a few plutonic rocks. Its price is about $20,000. Grandidierite has a 3rd position in the list of top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world.
Serendibite is present in few areas of Siri Lanka Northern Myanmar. The name of this stone called with Sri Lanka’s old Arabic name Serendib. Serendibite is rare in the whole world. Serendibite consists of calcium, silicon, boron magnesium, aluminum, and oxygen. In fact, it is a very rich stone by its features its price is within $1.8 – 2 million per carat. Serendibite placed on the fourth number in the list of top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world.
Diamond is most famous stone; it has many qualities, but it is the only stone that made of just one element, carbon. Its crystal structure and chemical make it different from other precious stones. Diamond is the only stone that has celebrated its 60th, 75th ceremonies of discovery. In some regions, it also has a place of religious stone. Different new techniques are created to modify it. Its price is $26,950 per carat.
Alexandrite is most precious stone and the experts beautifully cut it to give it a graceful look. The most impressive quality of the stone is that it can change its colors. It reflects green shade in the sunlight and red shade in other light. Its price varies from $50,000 to $70,000 per carat. Alexandrite has the sixth place on the list of top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world.
Red Beryl usually known as “bixbite” and marketed as “red emerald.” Red Beryl is so rare and is present in the areas of Wah Wah Mountains, Utah, Paramount Canyon and some others. Beryl is different from other gemstones because it needs a different temperature and atmosphere to remain in its original form. In 1958 Lamar Hodges discovered Red Beryl and its price is about $10,000 per carat.
Musgravite is the rarest stone, first found in Australia. Musgravite is very expensive, and mostly the rich people afford to buy it. Musgravite consist of beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg) and aluminum (Al). Musgravite is named at Musgrave Ranges, Australia because it discovered there and its Price is $35000. Among top 10 most valuable gemstones in the world, musgravite has eight position.
Benitoite has bright blue color, and it George D discovered it in 1907. Benitoite is the most qualitative form found in California. Its price is about $10000. It contains Barium Oxide (BaO): 36.3%, Titanium Dioxide (TiO2): 20.2% and Silicon Dioxide (SiO2): 43.5%. It is entirely different and unique to its quality and performance from other stones.
In 1960, it was initially found in minute crystals in Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. The formula of Poudretteite is KNa2B3Si12O30 while it is a transparent mineral and it is pale pink in color or may be colorless. Poudretteite is a highly rare mineral, and in the Periodic table, it is a new member of osumilite group. It ‘s hard to differentiate between Poudretteite and sugilite, but Poudretteite is transparent. Its price is $3,000 per carat.